What is WordPress?

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What is WordPress?


WordPress is a Content Management System (CMS) that allows you to organize information to create websites, blogs and even online stores. It is an Open Source service, that is, open to modifications.

It is mature and stable, initially published in 2003 as a tool for blog management. Still, its popularity grew until it became one of the most preferred CMS in the world, achieved by the wide portfolio of themes and plugins that facilitate its development.

Depending on how we configure WordPress, it can be classified as:

  • WordPress as a Blog: This is the basic installation that allows us to create static pages, generate content and display it in listings.
  • WordPress as a CMS: it differs from the previous one because a custom data structure is used for the creation of entries; that is, while the basic configuration has two fields (title and body), this would have more descriptive fields, for example, for a product you can have (label, size, etc.).
  • WordPress as a framework: it is a use given to WordPress when the development is carried out only using the structure of the system; it is normally used to develop themes.

Some features:

Quick Installation: offers different alternatives appropriate to the user’s level of knowledge:

Simple: The Automatic organization, owner of the WordPress product, allows you to directly create custom blogs on the wordpress.com domain at no cost. In addition, it offers additional desktop tools and apps for spam control, centralized management of multiple sites, and features to facilitate content management.

 Intermediate – Offered as an option on many hosting services. There are free options, where the user is responsible for the installation and administration, as well as subscription options, where the management and optimization of the site are delegated to the service provider.

Advanced: it is possible to install WordPress on your server (on a local network or intranet or the web) by downloading installers depending on the operating system to be used, Linux or Windows, which must be properly configured with PHP and MySQL (or MariaDB).

The breadth of options both in the visual part (themes) and additional services (plugins), many of them free and others at reasonable prices, allow it to be applied in many different cases.

It is open source, and this is one of the reasons why we are publishing this entry: to give a brief introduction to WordPress, specifically what we should take into account to develop on this platform.

What do I need to install WordPress?

  • For your server (with administration privileges), whether local or on the web:
  • The first thing is to have an environment installed in which to run the application according to the operating system: XAMPP. This gives us a web server already configured to work with PHP and MYSQL on Windows or LAMPon GNU/Linux. It is also possible to use the NGINX web server configured with PHP.
  • Create a database with a user with all privileges and their respective password.
  • We download the package from organd save it in our local environment; taking XAMPP as an example, the path would be >xampp>htdocs.
  • We open the path of our application in the browser and follow the installer steps.
  • With this, we will have WordPress ready to work.
  • There are many domain hosting services, which include the installation of WordPress as an option, with a very simple interactive action.
  • Directly hosted on wordpress.com, create an account there, and it is possible to have a platform for personal use.

WordPress is a product in continuous development, so it is extremely important to keep it up to date on versions for stability and security. Furthermore, due to its popularity and high diffusion, it is attractive to cyber attacks.

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